Joseph Paul Franklin is a serial extremist killer whose crimes were motivated by a pathological hatred of African Americans and Jews. Fueled by the words of his hero, Adolf Hitler, Franklin went on a killing rampage targeting interracial couples and setting off bombs in synagogues.
His killing rampage lasted between 1977 and 1980, ending after his arrest in September 1980.
Franklin (named James Clayton Vaughan Jr. at birth) was born in Mobile, Alabama on April 13, 1950 and was the second of four children in a volatile impoverished home. As a child Franklin, who felt different from other children, turned to reading books, mostly fairy tales, as an escape from the domestic violence in the home. His sister has described the home as abusive, saying Franklin was the target of much of the abuse.
During his teen years he was introduced to the American Nazi Party through pamphlets and he adopted the belief that the world needed to be "cleansed" of what he considered inferior races - mainly African Americans and Jews. He was in full agreement with the Nazi teachings and he became a member of the American Nazi Party, the Ku Klux Klan, and the National States Rights Party.
In 1976, he wanted to join the Rhodesian Army, but because of his criminal background he needed to change his name to be accepted. He changed his name to Joseph Paul Franklin - Joseph Paul after Adolph Hitler's minister of propaganda, Joseph Paul Goebbels, and Franklin after Benjamin Franklin.
Franklin never did join the army, but instead launched his own war of the races.
Obsessed With Hate
Obsessed with hatred for interracial marriages, many of his killings were against black and white couples he encountered.
He has also admitted to blowing up synagogues and takes responsibility for the 1978 shooting of Hustler Magazine publisher, Larry Flynt and the 1980 shooting on civil rights activist and Urban League president Vernon Jordan, Jr.
Over the years Franklin has been linked to or confessed to numerous bank robberies, bombings and murders. However not all of his confessions are viewed as truthful and many of the crimes were never brought to trial.
- Alphonse Manning and Toni Schwenn
In 1985 Franklin was found guilty of killing interracial couple Alphonse Manning and Toni Schwenn, both 23 years old. The couple was pulling out of a shopping mall when Franklin rammed their car from behind, then got out and shot Manning twice and Schwenn four times, killing both. He was sentenced to two life terms.
- Bryant Tatum and Nancy Hilton
In 1977 he pleaded guilty to the July 29, 1978 sniper murder of Bryant Tatum (black) and for attempting to murder his white girlfriend Nancy Hilton. The couple was at a Pizza Hut restaurant in Chattanooga when Franklin, hiding in tall grass near the restaurant, gunned them down.
Franklin was found guilty and given a life sentence.
- Donte Brown and Darrel Lane
Cousins Dante Brown, 13, and Darrel Lane, 14, were headed to a local convenience store on June 6, 1980, when Franklin, standing on an overpass, shot two bullets into each child. Lane died at the scene and Brown died a few hours later at the hospital.
Franklin was found guilty and sentenced to two life terms.
- Ted Fields and David Martin
Salt Lake City, Utah
Ted Fields, 20, and David Martin, 18, were friends who shared the reputation for being hard working, responsible and with bright futures. On August, 20, they went jogging with two women at Liberty Park. Franklin hit the group with a barrage of bullets, striking Fields three times and Martin five, killing both. One of the women was injured.
He was found guilty and received two life sentences.
- Gerald Gordon
On October 8, 1977, Gerald Gordon, Steven Goldman and William Ash had no idea a Remington 700 hunting rifle was aimed at them while they walked through the synagogue parking lot. Franklin, who had carefully planned his assault the day before, fired five shots at the men, killing Gordon and injuring Goldman and Ash.
In February, 1997, a jury found him guilty and sentenced to death by lethal injection.
Eight life sentences and a death sentence has done little to change Franklin's radical racist views. He has told authorities that his only regret is that killing Jews isn't legal.
During a 1995 article published by Deseret News, Franklin seemed to boast about his killing sprees and the only regret that he seems to have is that there were victims that managed to survive his murderous rage.
Franklin is currently on death row at the Potosi Correctional Center near Mineral Point, Missouri.
He is scheduled to be executed Nov. 20. 2013 in Missouri. Much has changed since Franklin's 1995 interview. Pointing to his manic depression and mental illness as the driving force behind his fanatical hatred, he now says he regrets his crimes.
As for his upcoming execution, Franklin told The Hollywood Reporter, "I firmly believe that a government that forbids killing among its citizens should not be in the business of killing people itself."
Apparently, one of his victims agrees- Flynt has spoken out against Franklin's execution.
Update: Franklin was executed on November 20, 2013 by lethal injection in Missouri. He offered no final statement.