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What are the Gun Laws in Missouri?

A Synopsis of Missouri Laws on Purchase, Possession and Carrying of Firearms

By

Caution: This summary is meant for general purposes only. Firearm laws frequently change.

(As of September, 2007)

Quick Reference

Rifles and Shotguns
  • Permit to purchase rifles and shotguns? No
  • Registration of rifles and shotguns? No
  • Licensing of owners of rifles and shotguns? No
  • Permit to carry rifles and shotguns? No

Handguns

  • Permit to purchase a handgun? No
  • Registration of handguns? No
  • Licensing of owners of handguns? No
  • Permit to carry handguns? Yes

State Requirements

Purchase

No state permit is required for the purchase of rifles, shotguns or handguns.

It is unlawful to knowingly sell, lease, loan, give away or deliver a firearm or ammunition to any person who is not lawfully entitled to possess one. It is unlawful to recklessly sell, lease, loan, give away or deliver a firearm or ammunition to a person who is intoxicated.

It is unlawful to knowingly sell, lease, loan, give away or deliver any firearm to a person who is not eighteen years old without the consent of the custodial parent or guardian.

Possession

  • There are no state licensing requirements for the possession of a rifle, shotgun or handgun.

  • It is a misdemeanor to possess an unloaded firearm when intoxicated.

  • It is a felony to possess a loaded firearm while intoxicated.

  • It is unlawful for a person convicted of or confined for a dangerous felony or an attempt to commit a dangerous felony to possess a concealable firearm for five years after such conviction or confinement.

  • It is unlawful for a fugitive from justice, a habitually intoxicated or drugged person, or a person currently adjudged mentally incompetent to possess a concealable firearm.

Carry

  • It is unlawful to carry a firearm concealed on or about one’s person without a concealed carry endorsement on the Missouri driver’s or non-driver’s license or a valid permit to carry concealed firearms issued by any state.

  • This prohibition does not apply to possession in a person’s dwelling, while hunting or while traveling in a continuous journey through the state.

  • Law enforcement officers, corrections officers, probation and parole officers, some judges; process servers and marshals and members of the armed forces or the national guard while performing their official duties are exempt from this prohibition.

  • Persons over the age twenty-one years of age or older may transport a concealable firearm in the passenger compartment of a vehicle as long as the firearm is lawfully possessed.

  • Any person twenty-three years of age or older who is a citizen of the United States and who has resided in Missouri for six months or who is a member of the armed forces stationed in Missouri or who is a spouse of such member of the military can submit an application for a certificate of qualification for a concealed carry endorsement for the Missouri driver’s or non-driver’s license.

A concealed carry endorsement cannot be issued to any person who is or has been:
  • Convicted of a felony, including domestic violence.

  • Convicted of one or more misdemeanor offenses involving crimes of violence within a five year period, including domestic violence.

  • Convicted of more than one misdemeanor DUI offense within the last five years.

  • A fugitive from justice or currently charged with a felony.

  • Dishonorably discharged form the U.S. armed forces.

  • In a habitually drugged or intoxicated condition.

  • Adjudicated mentally incompetent at the time of application, or five years prior to the application, or has not been committed to a mental institution.

  • A respondent of a full valid order of protection, which is still in effect.

  • Engaged in a pattern of behavior that leads the sheriff reasonably to believe the applicant would be a danger to himself or others.

Applications for a certificate of qualification for a concealed carry endorsement must be submitted to the sheriff of the county of residence.

The application shall contain the applicant's name, address, telephone number, gender, and date and place of birth.

The application shall be submitted with evidence of completion of firearms training that meets statutory standards.

The applicant will be fingerprinted, and a background check will be done at the state and national levels.

Upon receipt of the completed background checks, the sheriff has three days to issue the certificate of qualification for a concealed carry endorsement.

If the background check is not received, the sheriff has forty-five days to issue it, provided that the sheriff revoke any such certificate within 24-hours of any background check that results in a disqualifying record.

Once approved, an applicant must sign the certificate of qualification in the presence of the sheriff or designee, and shall have seven days to take the certificate to theDepartment of Revenue, where the director shall issue a new driver's license or non-driver’s license with an endorsement which identifies that the applicant has a concealed carry endorsement.

The endorsement is valid for three years.

Concealed firearms cannot be carried in or on posted private property and the following public places:

  • Police stations without consent, correctional facilities, prisons and jails.

  • Courthouses.

  • Polling places on election day.

  • Governmental meetings and portions of public buildings that prohibit carrying firearms by ordinance or regulation.

  • Bars and lounges, or restaurants that derive less than 50 percent of income from the sale of food.

  • Secure areas of airports or any place where the carrying of firearms is prohibited by federal law.

  • College or universities or any facilities owned by colleges or universities.

  • Elementary or secondary schools without the permission of school officials or any child care facility without the permission of the manager.

  • Riverboat gambling facilities.

  • Buses or bus stations.

  • Gated areas of amusement parks.

  • Churches or other areas of worship without consent.

  • Sports arenas or stadiums with a capacity of five thousand or more.

  • Hospitals accessible by the public.
Carrying a firearm while intoxicated is prohibited.
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