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What Are the Gun Laws in Kansas?

A Synopsis of Kansas State Gun Laws

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Caution: This summary is meant for general purposes only. Firearm laws frequently change and the following answers may not reflect changes in the laws.

Quick Reference

Rifles and Shotguns
  • Permit to purchase rifles and shotguns? No
  • Registration of rifles and shotguns? No
  • Licensing of owners of rifles and shotguns? No
  • Permit to carry rifles and shotguns? No

Handguns

  • Permit to purchase handgun? No
  • Registration of handguns? No
  • Licensing of owners of handguns? No
  • Permit to carry handguns? Yes

State Requirements

Purchase

No state permit is required to purchase a rifle, shotgun, or handgun.

It is unlawful knowingly to sell, give or otherwise transfer any firearm with a barrel less than 12 inches to any person under 18.

It is unlawful knowingly to sell, give or otherwise transfer any firearm to:

  • Any person who is both addicted to and an unlawful user of a controlled substance.

  • Any person who, within the preceding ten years, has been convicted of certain specified felonies, but was not found to have been in possession of a firearm at the time of the commission of the offense, or has been released form imprisonment for such a crime, and has not had the conviction of such crime expunged or been pardoned for such crime.

  • Any person who, within the preceding five years has been convicted of a felony other than those specified for the ten year disqualification.

  • Any person convicted of a felony and was found in possession of a firearm at the time of the offense.

It is unlawful knowingly to sell, give or otherwise transfer any firearm to any habitual drunkard or narcotics addict.

Kansas has enacted a law enabling its residents to purchase rifles or shotguns from licensed dealers in contiguous states, provided the purchase complies with the laws of Kansas and of the state of purchase and with all federal requirements.

Possession

No state permit is required to purchase a rifle, shotgun, or handgun.

It is unlawful for the following persons to possess firearms:

  • A person who is both addicted to and an unlawful user of a controlled substance.

  • A person convicted of a felony or a violation of any provision of the uniform controlled substances act under the laws of Kansas or a crime under a law of another jurisdiction which is substantially the same as such felony or violation.

  • A person who was adjudicated as a juvenile offender because of the commission of an act which if done by an adult would constitute the commission of a person felony or a violation of any provision of the uniform controlled substances act, and was found to have been in possession of a firearm at the time of the commission of the offense.

  • A person who, within the preceding 10 years:
    • Has been convicted of certain specified felonies.

    • Has been convicted of a crime under a law of another jurisdiction which is substantially the same as such felony.

    • Has been released from imprisonment for such felony, or was adjudicated as a juvenile offender because of the commission of an act which if done by an adult would constitute the commission of such felony.
    • Was found not to have been in possession of a firearm at the time of the commission of the offense, and has not had the conviction of such crime expunged or been pardoned for such crime;

    • Or a nonperson felony under the laws of Kansas or a crime under the laws of another jurisdiction which is substantially the same as such nonperson felony, has been released from imprisonment for such nonperson felony or was adjudicated as a juvenile offender because of the commission of an act which if done by an adult would constitute the commission of a nonperson felony, and was found to have been in possession of a firearm at the time of the commission of the offense.

  • A person who, within the preceding five years has been convicted of a felony (other than those specified as a basis for the ten year disqualification) under the laws of Kansas or a crime under a law of another jurisdiction which is substantially the same as such felony, has been released from imprisonment for a felony or was adjudicated as a juvenile offender because of the commission of an act which if done by an adult would constitute the commission of a felony, and was found not to have been in possession of a firearm at the time of the commission of the offense.

  • A person, other than a law enforcement officer, in or on any school property or grounds with the following exceptions:
    • Possession of any firearm in connection with a firearms safety course of instruction or firearms education course approved and authorized by the school.

    • Any possession of any firearm specifically authorized in writing by the superintendent of any unified school district or the chief administrator of any accredited non-public school.

    • Possession of a firearm secured in a motor vehicle by a parent, guardian, custodian or someone authorized to act in such person’s behalf who is delivering or collecting a student.

    • Possession of a firearm secured in a motor vehicle by a registered voter who is on the school grounds, which contain a polling place for the purpose of voting during polling hours on an election day.

  • A person who refuses to surrender or immediately remove from school property or grounds or at any regularly scheduled school sponsored activity or event any firearm in the possession of any person, other than a law enforcement officer, when so requested or directed by any duly authorized school employee or any law enforcement officer.

Possession of a firearm on the grounds of or in the state capitol building, or within any other state-owned or leased building if the secretary of administration has so designated by rules and regulations and conspicuously placed signs clearly stating that firearms are prohibited within such building, and within any county courthouse, unless, by county resolution, the board of county commissioners authorize the possession of a firearm within such courthouse.

It is unlawful for a narcotics addict or habitual drunkard to possess any firearm.

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