Physical violence, of course, is the most blatant form of domestic abuse, sometimes called intimate partner violence. But physical abuse is not the only form of domestic abuse.
Four Main Types of AbuseAccording to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, intimate partner violence means physical, sexual or psychological harm inflicted by a current or former spouse or partner.
According to the CDC, these are the four main types of intimate partner violence:
Physical Violence - This mean intentionally using physical force to harm, injury, disable or kill. It can involve using a weapon or restrains or merely using body, size or strength to harm another person. Physical violence can include:
There are three main categories of sexual abuse:
- Using physical force to compel someone to have sex against their will, whether the act is completed or not.
- Attempting or having sex with someone who is unable to understand the nature of the act or unable to decline participation or is unable to communicate their unwillingness.
- Abusive sexual contact of any kind.
Psychological and Emotional Abuse - Using acts, threats of acts or coercive tactics to cause someone emotional trauma. If there has been previous physical or sexual abuse in the relationship, any further threat of abuse is considered psychological or emotion violence.
Psychological abuse can include:
- Controlling what the victim can and cannot do.
- Withholding information.
- Diminishing or embarrassing the victim.
- Isolating the victim from friends and family.
- Denying the victim access to money or other resources.