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What Are the Gun Laws in Alaska?

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Caution: This summary is meant for general purposes only. Firearm laws frequently change and the following answers may not reflect changes in the laws.

State Requirements: Rifles, Shotguns, Handguns:

Rifles and Shotguns

  • Permit to purchase rifles and shotguns? No
  • Registration of rifles and shotguns? No
  • Licensing of owners of rifles and shotguns? No
  • Permit to carry rifles and shotguns? No

Handguns
  • Permit to purchase handgun? No
  • Registration of handguns? No
  • Licensing of owners of handguns? No
  • Permit to carry handguns? No*
According to the National Rifle Assc., "A permit to carry a concealed handgun is not necessary in Alaska, but permits are available to those who want to carry in states that recognize Alaska permits."

Purchase

No state permit is required to purchase a rifle, shotgun or handgun.
  • It is unlawful to sell or transfer a firearm capable of being concealed on one's person to anyone who has been convicted of a felony or adjudicated a delinquent minor for conduct that would constitute a felony if committed by an adult. It is an affirmative defense that 10 years or more has elapsed since the unconditional discharge on the prior offense.

  • It is unlawful to knowingly sell or transfer a firearm to a person whose physical or mental condition is substantially impaired as a result of an intoxicating liquor or drug, or to sell a firearm to a person less than 18.

Possession:

  • No state permit is required to possess a rifle, shotgun or handgun.

  • It is unlawful for a person convicted of a felony or adjudicated a delinquent minor for conduct that would constitute a felony if committed by an adult to possess a "firearm capable of being concealed on his person" unless a period of 10 years or more has elapsed between the date of the person's unconditional discharge on the prior offense or adjudication of juvenile delinquency.
  • It is unlawful to possess a firearm, without the permission of the chief administrative officer of the school or district or the designee of the chief administrative officer, on any public or private school property, on a school bus while being transported to or from school, or at a school-sponsored event, or while participating in a school-sponsored event, except that a person 21 years of age or older may possess an unloaded firearm in the trunk of a motor vehicle or encased in a closed container in a motor vehicle.
  • It is unlawful to possess a firearm in a courthouse or courtroom, grounds of a day care center or parking lot immediately adjacent to these structures, or within a domestic violence or sexual assault shelter.

  • It is unlawful to possess a firearm by a person who violates a domestic violence protective order. It is unlawful to possess a firearm while substantially impaired as a result of an intoxicating liquor or drug.

  • Loaded firearms may not be possessed in any place where intoxicating liquor is sold for consumption on the premises. Exempt: The owner or lessee or an employee or lessee while on the business premise.
  • A firearm is loaded if the firing chamber, magazine, clip or cylinder of the firearm contains a cartridge.

  • An unemancipated minor less than 16 years of age may not possess a firearm without the consent of his parent or guardian.

Carrying

Any person 21 years of age or older may carry a handgun concealed on their person provided that, when contacted by a police officer, informs the officer of that possession and allows the police officer to secure the handgun for the duration of that contact.
Any person 21 years of age or older may carry a handgun concealed on their person provided that, when contacted by a police officer, informs the officer of that possession and allows the police officer to secure the handgun for the duration of that contact.

A permit to carry a concealed handgun is available for those individuals who desire a means to carry a concealed handgun in states that honor Alaska’s permit to carry.

A person can obtain a permit to carry a concealed handgun if the person:
  • Is 21 years of age or older.

  • Is eligible to own or possess a firearm under state and federal law.

  • Has been a resident of the state for 90 days preceding application for permit.

  • Has not been convicted of two or more class A misdemeanors within the preceding six years.

  • Is not currently or has not within three years been ordered by a court to complete an alcohol treatment or substance abuse program.

  • Has demonstrated competence with handguns.

Permits

The Department of Public Safety shall issue a permit to a person who applies in person at an office of the Alaska State Troopers and is not prohibited from possessing a handgun.

A completed application must be submitted under an oath. The applicant must provide two complete sets of fingerprints and two frontal view color photographs taken within 30 days prior to submitting application. An applicant must not suffer a physical infirmity that prevents the safe handling of a handgun.

A permit is valid for five years. Applications, permits, and renewals are not public records and can only be used for law enforcement purposes.

The Department shall either approve or reject an application within 30 days of receipt. A person shall apply in person for renewal of a permit to carry within 90 days before the expiration of the permit and shall present a complete renewal form under an oath. A permit to carry shall be immediately revoked if the permittee becomes disqualified to receive and hold a permit. A person whose permit is revoked may appeal to the commissioner. If the commissioner upholds the revocation, a person may seek judicial review. If the permit is revoked, such a person cannot apply for a permit until at least five years after it is revoked.

  • A person carrying a concealed handgun may not carry it into any place prohibited by law.

  • When entering the residence of another person, one must notify the resident that they are carrying a concealed handgun.

  • A municipality may not restrict the carrying of a concealed handgun by permit.

  • A permit holder from with a valid permit from other jurisdictions is considered an Alaska permit holder.

Source: National Rifle Association of America, Institute for Legislative Action

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