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What are the Gun Laws in New Jersey?

A Synopsis of State Laws on Purchase, Possession and Carrying of Firearms

By

As of February, 2006

State Requirements

Rifles and Shotguns
  • Permit to Purchase - ID Card Required
  • Registration of Firearms - No
  • Licensing of Owners - Yes
  • Permit to Carry - ID Card Required Yes
Handguns
  • Permit to Purchase - Yes
  • Registration of Firearms - No*
  • Licensing of Owners - Yes
  • Permit to Carry - Yes
* Police record of all transfers required.

Purchase

Rifles and Shotguns

It is unlawful to sell, give, transfer, assign, or otherwise dispose of or receive, purchase, or otherwise acquire a rifle or shotgun, other than an antique rifle or shotgun, unless the purchaser, assignee, donee, receiver, or holder is licensed as a dealer under New Jersey law or possesses a valid Firearms Purchasers Identification Card (FID), and first exhibits the FID to the seller, donor, transferrer, or assignor, and the purchaser, assignee, donee, receiver, or holder signs a written certification form that identifies the purchaser, his or her address and FID or dealer’s number, and states he or she presently is not disqualified from purchase.

A person is not restricted as to the number of rifles or shotguns they may purchase, provided they have a valid FID and the certification form requirements are met. The FID is required for private or dealer purchases.

Handguns

It is unlawful to sell, give, transfer, assign, or otherwise dispose of, or receive, purchase, or otherwise acquire a handgun unless the purchaser, assignee, donee, receiver, or holder is licensed as a dealer under New Jersey law or has first secured a Permit to Purchase a handgun.

The permit must be in the form prescribed by the Superintendent of State Police and shall be issued to the applicant in quadruplicate.

The applicant prior to the time he receives the handgun from the seller shall deliver to the seller the permit in quadruplicate and the seller shall complete all of the information required on the form.

Only one handgun shall be purchased or delivered for each permit.

A permit is required for private or dealer purchases.

No handgun -(except antique handguns) may be delivered to any person unless accompanied by a trigger lock or a locked case, gun box, container or other secure facility.

Requirements for Obtaining Permit to Purchase or FID

The Police Chief of the municipality where the applicant resides or the Superintendent of State Police, in all other cases must, upon application, issue to any qualified applicant a Permit to Purchase or FID.

The fee for a Permit to Purchase is $2, to be submitted with the application.

The Permit to Purchase is valid for 90 days from the date of issuance and may be renewed by the issuing authority for good cause for an additional 90 days.

The FID fee is $5 to be submitted with the application.

The FID is valid so long as the holder is eligible to obtain the FID.

The applicant must be fingerprinted and pay a fingerprint fee of $54, unless the applicant already has an FID, or has previously been fingerprinted.

The Permit to Purchase or FID must be granted to a qualified applicant within 30 days from the date of receipt of the application for residents and 45 days for nonresident applicants.

Applications for a Permit to Purchase or FID must be in the form prescribed by the Superintendent of State Police and set forth the name, residence, place of business, age, date of birth, occupation, sex, and physical description of the applicant, and state:

  • Whether the applicant is a citizen;

  • Whether an alcoholic, habitual drunkard, drug dependent person;

  • Whether he has ever been confined or committed to a mental institution or hospital for treatment or observation of a mental or psychiatric condition on a temporary, interim, or permanent basis;

  • Whether he has been attended, treated, or observed by any doctor or psychiatrist or at any hospital or mental institution on an inpatient or outpatient basis for any mental or psychiatric condition;

  • Whether he presently or ever has been a member of any organization which advocates or approves acts of force and violence to overthrow the government, or which seeks to deny others their constitutional rights;

  • Whether he has ever been convicted of a crime or disorderly persons offense and such other information as the superintendent shall deem necessary for the proper enforcement.

The applicant waives all rights of confidentiality relating to institutional confinement and must supply all necessary information on any mental or psychiatric treatment. The application must contain as references two reputable citizens personally acquainted with the applicant.

No conditions or requirements can be added to the form or content of the application, or required by the licensing authority for the issuance of a Permit to Purchase or FID, other than those that are specifically set forth in the statute.

No person of good character and good repute who is not subject to any of the disabilities can be denied a permit to purchase a handgun or a firearms purchaser identification card.

No Permit to Purchase or FID will be issued to any:

  • Person who has been convicted of a crime.

  • Drug dependent person, or person who is confined for a mental disorder to a hospital, mental institution or sanitarium, or to a habitual drunkard.

  • Person who suffers from a physical defect or disease which would make it unsafe for him to handle firearms, to any person who has ever been confined for a mental disorder, or to any alcoholic unless any of the foregoing persons produce a certificate from a New Jersey licensed medical doctor or psychiatrist, or other satisfactory proof, that the applicant is no longer suffering from that particular disability in such a manner that would interfere with or handicap him in the handling of firearms.

  • Person who knowingly falsifies any information on the application forms.

  • Person under 18.

  • Person where the issuance would not be in the interest of the public health, safety, or welfare.

  • Person under the age of 21, in the case of a handgun or pistol.

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