1. News & Issues
Send to a Friend via Email
You can opt-out at any time. Please refer to our privacy policy for contact information.

What are the Gun Laws in Missouri?

A Synopsis of Missouri Laws on Purchase, Possession and Carrying of Firearms

By

Antiques

Antique firearms are defined as any firearm not designed or redesigned for using rimfire or conventional centerfire ignition with fixed ammunition and manufactured in or before 1898, with said ammunition not being manufactured any longer; this includes any matchlock, wheel lock, flintlock, percussion cap or similar type ignition system, or replica thereof. Antique firearms are exempt from the permit requirements for the transfer of concealable firearms.

Machine Guns and Other Illegal Weapons

It is unlawful to knowingly possess, manufacture, transport, repair or sell a machine gun without the appropriate federal license. A machine gun is any firearm that is capable of firing more than one shot automatically, without manual reloading, by a single function of the trigger.

It is unlawful to knowingly possess, manufacture, transport, repair or sell:

  • Any rifle of less than 16 inch barrel length.

  • Shotgun of less than 18 inch barrel length.

  • Rifle or shotgun of less than 26 inch overall length.

  • Any silencer, switchblade or explosive bullets.

  • The use or possession of “metal penetrating bullets’’ during the commission of a crime is a felony.

Miscellaneous

  • It is unlawful to carry a firearm, whether loaded or unloaded, or any other weapon capable of lethal use into any school, onto school bus, or onto the premises of any function or activity sponsored or sanctioned by school officials or the district school board.

  • This prohibition does not apply to those with a concealed carry endorsement on the Missouri driver’s or non-driver’s license with permission of school officials or a firearm otherwise lawfully possessed by an adult for the purposes of transporting a student to or from school, or possessed by an adult for the facilitation of a school-sanctioned firearm related event.

  • Students may participate in school-sanctioned firearms related events and courses provided the student does not carry a gun onto the premises of any school, onto school bus, or onto the premises of any function or activity sponsored or sanctioned by school officials or the district school board.

  • The local board of education of each school district shall clearly establish a written policy of discipline which shall provide for a suspension for a period of not less than one year, or expulsion, for a student who is determined to have brought a weapon to school, including, but not limited to the school playground, the school parking lot, on a school bus or brought a weapon to a school activity whether on or off of the school property.

  • It is unlawful to knowingly deface a firearm or to knowingly possess a defaced firearm.

  • It is unlawful to possess or discharge a firearm or projectile weapon while intoxicated.

  • It is unlawful to discharge a firearm within one hundred yards of any occupied schoolhouse, courthouse, or church building.

  • It is unlawful to discharge or shoot a firearm into a dwelling house, a railroad train, boat, aircraft, or motor vehicle, or any building or structure used for the assembling of people.

  • It is unlawful to discharge or shoot a firearm at a mark, at any object, or at random, on, along or across a public highway or to discharge or shoot a firearm into any outbuilding.

  • It is unlawful to discharge or shoot a firearm at or from a motor vehicle, while within any city, town, or village, and to discharge or shoot a firearm at any person, or at any other motor vehicle, or at any building or habitable structure, unless the person is lawfully acting in self-defense.

  • It is unlawful to exhibit, in the presence of one or more persons, any weapon readily capable of lethal use in an angry or threatening manner.

No unit of local government shall adopt any order, ordinance or regulation concerning the sale, purchase, purchase delay, transfer, ownership, use, keeping, possession, bearing, transportation, licensing, permit, registration, taxation other than sales and compensating use taxes, or other controls on firearms, components, ammunition and supplies.

Ordinances which conform exactly with state firearms laws, and ordinances which regulate the open carrying of firearms readily capable of lethal use or the discharge of firearms within a jurisdiction, are not prohibited.

No unit of local government nor the state shall bring suit or have any right to recover against any firearms or ammunition manufacturer, trade association, or dealer for damages, abatement, or injunctive relief resulting from or relating to the lawful design, manufacture, marketing, distribution, or sale of firearms or ammunition to the public.

Nothing prevents an individual citizen from bringing suit for recovery for negligent or defective design or manufacture of firearms or ammunition.

Source: National Rifle Association of America, Institute for Legislative Action

  1. About.com
  2. News & Issues
  3. Crime
  4. Crime 101
  5. Issues / Controversies
  6. Weapons and Gun Control
  7. Gun Laws by State
  8. What are the Gun Laws in Missouri?

©2014 About.com. All rights reserved.