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What are the Gun Laws in Minnesota?

A Synopsis of State Laws on Purchase, Possession and Carrying of Firearms



No state permit is required to possess a rifle, shotgun, or handgun.

The following persons may not possess a handgun or "semiautomatic military style assault weapon," or any other firearm:

  • Any person under 18, unless there are in the actual presence of or under the direct supervision of his parent or guardian; for purpose of a military drill; for purpose of a supervised instruction, competition or target practice on a police approved firing range; or if the person has completed a course on handgun or semiautomatic military-style assault weapon marksmanship and safety approved by the Commissioner of Natural Resources.

  • A person who has been convicted of, or adjudicated delinquent or convicted as an extended jurisdiction juvenile for committing, in this state or elsewhere, a crime of violence.

  • A person who has ever been confined or committed as mentally ill, mentally retarded or mentally ill and dangerous to the public, to a treatment facility, or who has ever been found incompetent to stand trial or found not guilty by reason of insanity, unless he possesses a doctor's certificate or other satisfactory proof that he is no longer suffering from this disability.

  • A person convicted of a misdemeanor or gross misdemeanor drug violation or who is or ever has been hospitalized or committed for treatment for the habitual use of a controlled substance, unless possessing a doctor's certificate or other satisfactory proof that he has not abused a controlled substance during the previous two years.

  • A person who has been confined or committed to a treatment facility as chemically dependant, unless the person has completed treatment.

  • A peace officer who is informally admitted to a treatment facility for chemical dependency, unless the officer has a certificate from the head of the treatment facility discharging the officer from the treatment facility.

  • A person who has been charged with committing a crime of violence and has been placed in a pretrial diversion program by the court before disposition, until the person has completed the diversion program and the charge has been dismissed.

  • A person who is a prohibited under federal law.

  • A person who has been convicted of assault in the fifth degree against a family or household member, if the conviction was within three years of an earlier conviction of assault, cannot possess a handgun until three years has passed since the last conviction with no further violations.

  • A person who has been convicted in this state or elsewhere of assaulting a family or household member and who was found by the court to have used a firearm in any way during commission of the assault.

  • A person who has been convicted in this state or elsewhere of a gross misdemeanor involving crimes benefiting a gang, assaults motivated by bias, false imprisonment, neglect or endangerment of a child, burglary, setting a spring gun, riot, or harassment and stalking, within the proceeding three years.

  • A person who:
    • Has been convicted in any court of a crime punishable by imprisonment for a term exceeding one year.

    • Is a fugitive from justice.

    • Is an unlawful user of any controlled substance.

    • Has been judicially committed to a treatment facility in Minnesota or elsewhere as a person who is mentally ill, mentally retarded, or mentally ill and dangerous to the public.

    • Is an alien who is illegally or unlawfully in the United States

    • Has been discharged from the armed forces of the United States under dishonorable conditions.

    • Has renounced the person's citizenship having been a citizen of the United States.

It is unlawful to furnish a child under the age of 14 a firearm or airgun of any kind, or any ammunition or explosive without the parent or guardian's permission. It is also unlawful for such child to handle or use a firearm or airgun of any kind or any kind of ammunition or explosive outside of a parent or guardian's presence without permission. These prohibitions apply in any municipality of this state unless written consent of a parent or guardian or of the police department or magistrate of such municipality is obtained first.

A nonresident alien may not possess a firearm except to take game as a nonresident under the game laws.

It is unlawful to possess, store, or keep a deadly weapon, BB gun or, or replica firearm on school property or a school bus.


Any person carrying a loaded BB gun, rifle, or shotgun on or about their person, not expressly to or from the place where the firearms are bought, sold, traded, displayed, or where hunting, target shooting, or other lawful activity occurs, is guilty of a gross misdemeanor.

It is also a misdemeanor to carry a handgun on or about their person while under the influence of alcohol or any controlled substance.

It is unlawful for a person authorized to carry a firearm under the provisions of a permit in a location a person knows to be school property. However, a person may keep or store a firearm in a motor vehicle in accordance with state law, participate in lawful gun safety or marksmanship courses or activities, gun shows, ceremonial color guard, or with the school principal's written permission, on school grounds.

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