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What are the Gun Laws in Louisiana?

A Synopsis of State Laws on Purchase, Possession and Carrying of Firearms

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Caution: This summary is meant for general purposes only. Firearm laws frequently change and the following answers may not reflect changes in the laws.

Quick Reference

Rifles and Shotguns
  • Permit to purchase rifles and shotguns? No
  • Registration of rifles and shotguns? No
  • Licensing of owners of rifles and shotguns? No
  • Permit to carry rifles and shotguns? No

Handguns

  • Permit to purchase handgun? No
  • Registration of handguns? No
  • Licensing of owners of handguns? No
  • Permit to carry handguns? Yes

Purchase

No state permit is required for the purchase of a rifle, shotgun, or handgun. It is unlawful to sell or deliver firearms or other dangerous weapons to anyone under the age of eighteen. Lack of knowledge of the minor’s age is not a defense.

Possession

No state permit is required to possess a rifle, shotgun, or a handgun. It is illegal for any person who is a national of a country with whom the United States is at war to own, possess, have custody, or use any firearm.

It is unlawful for anyone who has been convicted of certain crimes of violence to possess a firearm for a period of ten years from the date of completion of the sentence, probation, parole or suspension of sentence.

It is unlawful for any person under seventeen to possess a handgun on his person, but this does not apply to any person under seventeen who is attending a hunter’s safety or firearms safety course; engaging in practice in the use of a firearm or target shooting at an established range; hunting or trapping pursuant to a valid license; or traveling to or from one of the above activities.

Carrying

No person shall carry a concealed firearm intentionally without a permit unless one is a peace officer in performance of his or her official duties. The Deputy Secretary of Public Safety Services of the Department of Public Safety and Corrections shall issue a concealed handgun permit to any citizen who qualifies for a permit.

To qualify, a citizen shall:

  • Reflect training in pistols, revolvers or both.

  • Agree to hold harmless and indemnify the department, the state or any peace officer for any liability arising from the issuance of the permit.

  • Be a resident of the state and have been a resident for six months or longer.

  • Be at least 21.

  • Not suffer from mental illness which prevents the safe handling of a firearm.

  • Not be ineligible to possess a firearm by having been convicted of a felony.

  • Not have been committed for the abuse of a controlled substance, or been found guilty of, or entered a plea of guilty or nolo contendere relating to a controlled substance within 5 years.

  • Not chronically and habitually use alcoholic beverages to the extent that normal facilities are impaired.

  • Not have entered a plea of guilty or nolo contendere to or been found guilty of a misdemeanor crime of violence within 5 years of completion of sentence.

  • Not have been convicted of, entered a plea of guilty or nolo contendere to, or not be charged under indictment, or a bill of information for any crime of violence or any crime punishable by imprisonment for one year or more.

  • Not be a fugitive from justice.

  • Not be an unlawful user of, or addicted to, marijuana, depressants, stimulants, or narcotic drugs.

  • Not have been adjudicated to be mentally deficient or been committed to a mental institution.

  • Not be an illegal alien.

  • Not have a Dishonorable Discharge from the Armed Forces.

  • Not have a history of engaging in violent behavior.

  • Not be ineligible to possess a firearm under federal law.

The applicant shall demonstrate competency with a handgun by completion of certain specified courses, classes, and programs in firearms safety and training.

The Deputy Secretary of Public Safety Services shall, within two working days of the permit application, notify the Chief of Police of the municipality and the Chief Law Enforcement Officer of the parish in which the applicant is domiciled of such application. Those officers shall have 10 days to forward to the Deputy Secretary information relating to the applicant’s legal qualification to receive a permit. The Deputy Secretary shall issue, “timely and without delay,” the permit to all qualified applicants. The permit shall be valid in all parishes statewide for a term of four years.

A permittee armed with a handgun shall notify any police officer who approaches the permittee in an official manner or purpose, that he has a weapon on his person, submit to a pat down, and allow the officer to temporarily disarm him.

Whenever a law enforcement officer has reasonable grounds to believe an armed permittee is under the influence of alcohol or a controlled dangerous substance, the officer may take temporary possession of the handgun and request submission to a chemical test.

Whenever an officer is made aware that an individual is behaving in a criminally negligent manner, or is negligent in carrying a handgun, the officer may seize the handgun until adjudication by a judge.

Failure to comply with these provisions shall result in a six-month automatic suspension of the permit.

The permit shall be revoked under any of the following circumstances:

  • The blood alcohol reading of the permittee is .05 per cent or greater.

  • A blood test or urine test shows the presence of a controlled dangerous substance.

  • A permittee refuses to submit to a chemical test upon request of a law enforcement officer.

  • The permittee is found guilty of negligent carrying of a concealed handgun.

A permittee may not carry a concealed handgun into:

  • A law enforcement building.

  • A detention facility, prison or jail.

  • A courthouse or courtroom.

  • A polling place.

  • A meeting place of the governing authority of a political subdivision.

  • The state capitol building.

  • Any portion of an airport facility where the carrying of firearms is prohibited under federal law.

  • Any church or similar place of worship.

  • A parade or demonstration for which a permit is issued.

  • Any portion of a permitted area where alcoholic beverages are sold for on-premises consumption.

  • Any school "firearm-free-zone".

  • Any place in which firearms are banned by state or federal law.

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