Therefore, one of the most common forms of child abuse in the U.S. is child neglect, when the child's basic needs are not provided by parents or caregivers. In most states, this not only includes food, clothing and shelter, but also emotional, medical and educational needs.
Three other types of child abuse are physical abuse, sexual abuse and psychological or emotional abuse. Many states have passed laws and regulations that carefully define what does and does not define these forms of child abuse to outline the specific conditions under which and child can be removed from a home.
Controversies have occurred when children have been taken away from their parents for spanking the child, criticizing the child or taking photographs of children while in the bathtub. Therefore, many states have spelled out exactly which acts toward children can be considered abusive.
Unlike other crimes, child abuse is a crime that certain professionals - teachers, counselors, health and other caregivers - must report to the authorities, in most states. The failure to report child abuse is itself a crime in a growing number of states.